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World War I and Australia

Middle East Campaign

After the Gallipoli campaign most of the Australian Imperial Force were sent to the Western Front.

The rest of the troops, including the Australian Light Horse, were sent to the Middle East to defend the Suez Canal and the Sinai peninsula. In 1917 Australian and Allied troops advanced into Palestine capturing Gaza and Jerusalem. By the following year they had occupied Lebanon and Syria. On 30 October 1918 Turkey surrendered.

Watering horses at Elisha’s Fountain, Jericho, from The pictorial panorama of the Great War: embracing Egypt, Gallipoli, Palestine Colart's Studio
Digital order number: a187031

Diaries and letters

In our World War I collection we have many diaries and letters from soldiers who fought in the Middle East Campaign including:

Search our Manuscripts, Oral History and Pictures catalogue to find more diaries and letters about the Middle East Campaign. Here are some keywords and subject terms to use in your search:



The Australian and Imperial Forces in the Middle East.
Digital order number: a7058025



4th Brigade. A.L.H. amongst the ruins of Gaza. January 1918
Digital order no: a1404017


Various units within the Australian Imperial Force produced their own newspapers.

The Imperial Camel Corps' own newspaper was called Barrak: the Camel Corps review. The Australian Field Ambulance posted to the Middle East published The Cacolet: journal of the Australian Camel Field Ambulance. These newspapers were filled with humorous stories, poetry and photographs.


WWI souvenir

Letter written on German officer's cuff, 1917. This is a man's shirt cuff which was retrieved by an Australian serviceman from a German officer's belongings 'Somewhere in Palestine', November 1917.

Digital order number: a6191004

Copying, publishing or purchasing digital copies

You can make copies of pictures for research and study purposes by:

  • using a digital camera
  • using our microfilm reader printers 
  • ordering paper or electronic copies
  • ordering high quality digital scans
  • purchasing microfilm  

You need to contact us for permission to publish our original materials. You must also acknowledge the Library and provide the correct location details. 

Find out more about copying, purchasing digital copies and publishing.